Are Petechiae And Purpura The Same Thing?

What are Purpura and petechiae?

Introduction.

Purpura/petechiae is the name given to the discolouration of the skin or mucous membranes due to haemorrhage from small blood vessels.

Petechiae are small, purpuric lesions up to 2mm across.

Palpable purpura is purpura than can be felt, due to inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis).

What Purpura looks like?

Rash (purpura). Reddish-purple spots that look like bruises develop on the buttocks, legs and feet. The rash can also appear on the arms, face and trunk and may be worse in areas of pressure, such as the sock line and waistline.

When should you worry about petechiae?

You should consult with your doctor if you notice petechiae appear, but some cases require more prompt treatment than others. If you have petechiae, you should contact your doctor right away or seek immediate medical care if: you also have a fever. you have other worsening symptoms.

How do you get rid of petechiae?

Treatment optionsantibiotics to treat a bacterial infection.corticosteroids to bring down inflammation.medications that suppress your immune system, such as azathioprine (Azasan, Imuran), methotrexate (Trexall, Rheumatrex), or cyclophosphamide.chemotherapy, biologic therapy, or radiation to treat cancer.

What autoimmune diseases cause petechiae?

Autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, Sjögren syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis often involve cutaneous manifestations of purpuric and petechial rash.

What deficiency causes petechiae?

Petechiae. Petechiae are small 1-2 mm red or purple spots on the skin that result from minor hemorrhage due to broken capillary blood vessels. Petechiae can result from both niacin (vitamin B3) and vitamin C deficiency.

How long do purpura spots last?

Most purpuric lesions last between one and three weeks, though the discoloration may be permanent after they fade.

What do Leukemia spots look like?

During the progression of leukemia, white blood cells (neoplastic leukocytes) found in bone marrow may begin to filter into the layers of the skin, resulting in lesions. “It looks like red-brown to purple firm bumps or nodules and represents the leukemia cells depositing in the skin,” Forrestel says.

Does petechiae always mean leukemia?

Small round spots that appear on the skin caused by bleeding, petechiae (pronounced puh·tee·kee·uh) may be a symptom of leukemia. The spots, which you might not notice because of their small size, painlessness, and placement in the lower extremities, indicate a low platelet count.

What medications can cause purpura?

Other drugs associated with drug purpura include the following:Antibiotics (eg, cephalosporins, rifampicin)Gold salts.Analgesics.Neuroleptics.Diuretics.Antihypertensives.

What causes purpura in the elderly?

Senile purpura causes ecchymoses and results from increased vessel fragility due to connective tissue damage to the dermis caused by chronic sun exposure, aging, and drugs. (See also Overview of Vascular Bleeding Disorders.) Purpura refers to purplish cutaneous or mucosal lesions caused by hemorrhage.

Do blood thinners cause purpura?

People who take certain drugs, such as blood thinners or steroids, on a regular basis may be more likely to experience purpura. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also contribute to the condition.

What are the symptoms of purpura?

The signs and symptoms include:Purplish bruises on the skin or mucous membranes (such as in the mouth). … Pinpoint-sized red or purple dots on the skin. … Paleness or jaundice (a yellowish color of the skin or whites of the eyes).Fatigue (feeling very tired and weak).Fever.A fast heart rate or shortness of breath.More items…

What bruises should you worry about?

When to Call the Doctor A bruise can need medical care if: You think a sprain or broken bone may have caused it. It keeps getting bigger after the first day. It makes your arm or leg swollen or tight.

Can vitamin D deficiency cause petechiae?

Vitamin Deficiency The presence of petechiae could be a sign of vitamin deficiency. A complete blood test can showcase your vitamin levels, and a doctor will typically look for two vitamin deficiencies which can cause the appearance of petechiae.