What Are Standard Precautions And When Should They Be Used?

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes..

What are additional precautions and when should they be used?

Additional Precautions are based on the mode of transmission of the causative organism. Additional Precautions are used as an adjunct to Routine Practices when microorganisms are: Highly infectious • Known to create severe disease • Difficult to treat (antibiotic resistant).

What are 3 examples of PPE and when should they be used?

Eye protection – for example, spectacles/goggles, shields, visors. Hearing protection – for example, ear muffs and plugs. Hand protection – for example, gloves and barrier creams. Foot protection – for example, shoes/boots.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What are airborne precautions?

Airborne Precautions refer to infection prevention and control interventions to be used in addition to Routine Practices. Airborne Precautions are used for diseases that are spread by airborne transmission.

When would you use standard precautions over sterile precautions?

Standard precautions are the basic level of infection control that should be used in the care of all patients all of the time. Use standard precautions in the care of all patients to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and non-recognized sources of infection.

What are examples of standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

How are standard precautions used?

Standard precautions include:Hand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, masks)Safe injection practices.Safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment, and.Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette.

What is another name for standard precautions?

In 1987, the practice of universal precautions was adjusted by a set of rules known as body substance isolation. In 1996, both practices were replaced by the latest approach known as standard precautions.

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

When should standard precautions be used?

Healthcare workers must use standard precautions: when caring for all patients, regardless of the patient’s perceived or actual infectious status. when handling blood and/or all other body substances, secretions and excretions (excluding sweat), non-intact skin or mucous membranes.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What is the difference between standard precautions and additional precautions?

Rationale: Additional precautions are measures used in addition to Standard Precautions when extra practices are required to prevent transmission of specific infectious diseases.

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Universal precautions apply to the following body fluids:Blood.Semen and vaginal secretions.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Synovial fluid.Pleural fluid.Pericardial fluid.Amniotic fluid.

What are the 9 key areas that define standard precautions?

8.1 Standard precautionshand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

Who does universal precautions protect?

Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).

What are contact precautions used for?

Contact Precautions – measures used for diseases caused by epidemiologically important microorganisms that may be transmitted easily by contact with the patient’s intact skin or with contaminated environmental surfaces (e.g. Clostridium difficile, MRSA, VRE, RSV).